Home Care Instructions : WOMAN DENTAL CARE

Women need to be more careful with their oral health as they pass through different stages of life. These changes are directly related to surges in sex hormone levels starting right from puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, lactation and menopause. The gums of women become more sensitive to plaque, the bacterial film that promotes tooth decay and gum disease.

As compared to men, women are diagnosed more with TMJ, Myofascial pain, dry mouth, and eating disorders. If you avoid going for regular dental visits, you may allow a condition to worsen. The key to reducing dental complications and subsequent high bills is prevention. Regular dental checkups are essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums and catching problems early.


As the surge in hormones happens during puberty, it may cause the gums to swell, especially during menstruation. Herpes-type lesions and ulcers also can develop. Girls may experience sensitive gums that react more to irritants. Many fall prey to bulimia and this disorder include a smoothing or dissolving of tooth enamel and a red, scratched area at the back of the throat.


Women face monthly hormonal fluctuations making some of them more prone to gingivitis or cold sores or mouth ulcers before or during menstruation. As per your case history, the dentist may prescribe the drug for cold sores and a topical steroid or anesthetic to treat mouth ulcers.

Birth Control Pills

Gingivitis is a common side effect of birth control pills, and women may also develop a dry mouth or gum pigmentation. Getting a tooth pulled (extracted) while on the Pill is best avoided, as the estrogen in the contraceptive can cause a painful condition called dry socket, in which the hole left behind fails to close up. Certain drugs, such as penicillin or tetracycline also decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.


It's important for expectant moms to brush and floss with care and to continue regular dental visits for routine cleanings. It is quite common that women develop gingivitis during pregnancy due to rise in hormone levels. Avoiding periodontal disease is also critical for the health of an infant.

The first trimester, the stage of pregnancy in which most of the baby's organs are formed, is the most crucial to your baby's development, so it is best to have procedures performed during the second trimester to minimize any potential risk. Further, the recent studies also show bacteria in plaque are linked to a higher risk of giving birth to premature, low-birth weight infants. Avoid sugary snacks between meals so that you don't gain extra weight and it helps prevent decay.

It is a myth and impossible that calcium from your teeth to be drawn off and given to baby in the womb. Your growing baby will get calcium from your diet; just make sure you follow your doctor's advice on diet. Good nutrition-particularly plenty of vitamin C and B12-help keep the oral cavity healthy and strong. More frequent cleanings from the dentist will help control plaque and prevent gingivitis.

Most dental procedures are safe during pregnancy. If you are on medications for some treatment(s), your dentist or physician is the best judge to have prescribed it. Remember, the healthier your mouth is, the healthier and happier your pregnancy and baby will be. The chart below provided information in general the medications that can be taken or avoided during pregnancy. Many premature babies come into the world with serious health problems. Those who survive may suffer life-long consequences, from cerebral palsy and mental retardation to blindness.

  • ASPIRIN (For a short period)
  • CHLOROQUIN (for a short period)
  • THIODNACIL (for a short period)

 Nursing Mothers

When born, baby's mouth is free from bacteria. The germs are transferred into the baby's mouth from parents during cuddling and kissing. It is important for parents to keep their own mouths clean and avoid kissing on baby's mouth. Also sharing of spoons and utensils etc. should be avoided as far as possible.

It is not known if fluoride is excreted in human milk. However, many drugs are excreted in milk, and caution should be exercised when products containing fluoride are administered to a nursing woman.

It has been observed that milk bottle is the major cause of early childhood caries so, mother should be encouraged to breast feed the baby for the 1st year and then to go directly to cup or spoon feeding rather than using nursing bottle.

After every feed the child should be given a sip of water to clear residual milk from the mouth and hold the child upright there after for five to ten minutes.

The mothers should clean the gum pads and the tongue of the infants with a clean, wet, soft cotton cloth after every feed. A clean/boiled soft cotton cloth is wrapped around index finger and then the upper and lower gum pads are to be cleaned in single sweeping motion each. After this, the position of the cloth should be changed and tongue should be cleaned in a sweeping motion.

Mothers should know that at the time of tooth eruption, children get itching sensation in their gums and tend to put different object such as toys etc. into their mouth. These habits lead to various infections and frequently result in diarrhea. Mothers should keep a close watch on the child's activities during this time. Fruits and rusks etc. can be given during this time to help in reducing irritation and development of chewing habits.

It is very important to take care of milk teeth since healthy, decay-free milk teeth create a healthy environment for the permanent teeth.


Psychologically it is an important stage in the life of women. Some may experience a dry mouth, burning sensations, sensitivity to hot and cold foods, changes in the way food tastes, or perhaps osteoporosis of the jaw. Hormone replacement therapy can ease many of these problems


Aging does not necessarily mean that you'll lose your teeth. No matter what your age, good oral hygiene habits and regular visits to your dentist are important to both your oral and general health. You could keep all of your adult teeth, or you may require a bridge, implants, or partial or full dentures. Follows your dentist's recommendations. Even if you're a denture wearer, you must follow a regimen to clean your dentures and keep your gums healthy. In addition to helping prevent a plaque buildup on your teeth or dentures, regular visits to the dentist will help prevent gum disease and allow your dentist to look for signs of diabetes, cancer, joint disorders, and vitamin deficiencies.

As the structure of your mouth is constantly changing, your dentist will also check to ensure that your dentures keep a proper fit. If you have difficulty holding a toothbrush, ask your dentist about items available to help strengthen your grip or lengthen the handle of the brush. Finally, be sure to tell your dentist about any medical conditions that you have or medications that you're taking, since both over-the-counter and prescription medicines can cause discoloring or other oral problems.



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